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last updated Jan. 19, 2010
published March 1, 2002
Poll No. 44, March 2002 - On Palestinian Attitudes Towards the Palestinian situation in general
Read more:  peace process, two-state solution, Arab-Israeli conflict, intifada, al-Aqsa intifada, resistance, armed resistance, governance, Palestinian Authority, reform, Palestinian politicians, public opinion
Summary: Introduction

• The Jerusalem Media and Communication Center (JMCC) conducted its most recent public opinion poll to study the Palestinian public attitudes towards a number of crucial and sensitive political topics in current affairs such as the Palestinian-Israeli peace process and al-Aqsa Intifada. The survey was conducted in all Palestinian territory on 20-23 March 2002 except Bethlehem where the survey was conducted on 28-29 March 2002 due to the Israeli military closure and siege of the district.

The most significant results of the survey could be summarized as follows:

Support for the Palestinian-Israeli peace process is 46.6 percent, while support for the Oslo agreements is 31.6 percent.
The majority of Palestinians, 72.4 percent, do not believe that signing a permanent Palestinian-Israeli peace agreement based on “two states for two peoples” means, from a Palestinian viewpoint, an end to the historical Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

Of those interviewed, 41.6 percent, believe that the most favored solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict is a two-state solution, while 31.6 percent believe that historic Palestine cannot be divided into two states and that a bi-national state in all of historic Palestine, where Palestinians and Israelis enjoy equal representation and rights, is the most favored solution. Meanwhile, 12.5 percent believe that a Palestinian state on the whole historic Palestine, with the return of refugees, is the favored solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

There are 29.4 percent who believe that the peace process is dead and negotiations cannot be resumed, while 49.7 percent believe that the peace process is passing through difficult times with an unknown future. Of those interviewed, 18.5 percent believe that United States envoy Anthony Zinni will succeed in his mission of a cease-fire and return of Palestinians and Israelis to the negotiation table.

The majority of Palestinians, 83.9 percent, support the continuation of al-Aqsa Intifada in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, while 67.5 percent believe that the Palestinian Intifada has increased Israeli readiness to come closer to Palestinian demands to achieve a peace agreement. Forty nine percent believe that the Palestinian Intifada to this moment has increased chances of a peace agreement with Israel.

Of those surveyed, 48.1 percent believe that the final goal of the current Intifada is ending the Israeli military occupation based on UN Security Council resolution 242 and the establishment of the state of Palestine, while 43.9 percent believe the final goal to be liberated all of Palestinian soil: historic Palestine.

Palestinians who support the continuation of popular and military aspects of the Intifadah are 66.3 percent. Also, 73.6 percent support the continuation of military operations against Israeli targets as a suitable response to the current political situation, and 72 percent support suicide bombing operations against Israeli civilians.

There are 58.9 percent of those interviewed who believe Palestinian Authority performance is between good and very good, while 20.6 percent believe Palestinian President Yasser Arafat is in full control of internal affairs and 44.7 percent believe that Arafat is in control of internal affairs to some extent.
Popular trust of Palestinian personalities is 27.9 percent for Yasser Arafat, 9.7 percent trust Ahmed Yassin and 32.1 percent do not trust anyone. As for political factions, 29.5 percent trust Fateh, 19.8 percent trust Hamas and 29.6 percent do not anyone.
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