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last updated March 11, 2009 4:14 PM (EST+7)
Ramallah
Read more: 
Ramallah, al-Bireh, capital, first intifada
Originally established as an agricultural town in the 1500s by Christian Arabs from present day Jordan, Ramallah was officially declared a city in 1908. Ramallah has experienced occupation and rule by different states in its contemporary history, starting with British take over in 1917 followed by Jordanian rule between 1948 and 1967 and finally annexation by Israel during the 1967 war.

EnlargeUS Secretary State John Kerry stops for knafeh in Ramallah, May 24, 2013.
Multimedia
Ramallah reopens its Rotary club after 50 years
Aug. 30, 2010 11:39 AM (EST+7)
West Bank women feel need for speed
June 27, 2010 8:52 PM (EST+7)
Background
Jerusalem
Tel Aviv

POLITICAL CAPITAL

Borrowing from its Arabic translation "height of God", Ramallah experienced a new height of political activism with Yasser Arafat’s establishment of the Palestinian Authority’s headquarters in the city. Over the decades, Ramallah has transformed into the unofficial seat of political power as well the most economically affluent city in occupied Palestinian territories. Until the political split between Fatah and Hamas, following control of Gaza by the latter in 2006, Ramallah served as the sole unofficial capital of the occupied territories.

THE FIRST & SECOND INTIFADA

Ramallah was the first city in the occupied West Bank to participate in the first Intifada of 1987. The city experienced a combination of protests, strikes, armed action and retaliation against Israeli forces representing the occupation. Political representatives and activists from Ramallah participated in the Madrid Conference of 1991 to draft the details of a peace negotiation. These events eventually culminated into the Oslo Accords leading to an interim self government arrangement for the Palestinian Authority that would continue to be based in Ramallah.

The city re-experienced curfews, shutting down of schools and public institutions and confrontations between Israeli forces and Palestinians during the second intifada in 2000. Ramallah’s reoccupation by Israeli forces in 2002 led to economic deterioration and infrastructure damage from which the city continues to recuperate.


News on Ramallah
Over a dozen injured in Ramallah refugee camp clashesJan. 20, 2013 10:28 PM (EST+7)
Thousands rally in Ramallah for UN statehoodSept. 21, 2011 3:48 PM (EST+7)
Picasso canvas goes on display in RamallahJune 21, 2011 10:28 AM (EST+7)


Sources
Ramallah official website



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