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last updated April 26, 2009 3:29 PM (EST+7)
War on Gaza
Read more: 
Gaza war, war on Gaza, Gaza offensive, Gaza invasion, Hamas, ceasefire, Israel military, white phosphorus, assassinations, Egypt, rockets, Qassam, Izzedin Qassam

The six-month ceasefire between Israel and Hamas in Gaza ended on Dec. 19, 2009. Israel had carried out a major raid on Gaza on Nov. 4, 2008, killing five armed Palestinians and one civilian.


EnlargeGhassan Matter, 15, points at holes made by the Israeli missiles that hit him on January 5, 2009. He now uses artificial limbs.
Multimedia
British MP condemns Gaza war
Jan. 16, 2010 12:19 PM (EST+7)
Al-Jazeera Int: Gaza's zoo for sale
April 25, 2010 8:25 AM (EST+7)
UN helps free Gaza of Israeli bombs
April 4, 2010 8:11 PM (EST+7)
BTselem: Palestinians displaced in Gaza war still in tents
May 24, 2009 8:19 AM (EST+7)
Background
Egypt wall
White phosphorus
Egypt wall
Documents
Hamas Rule in Gaza: Three Years On
UN Human Rights Council: Follow-up to the report of the UN Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict
Genuinely Unwilling: Israel's Investigations into Violations of International Law Including Crimes Committed During the Offensive on the Gaza Strip, December 27 2008 - January 18, 2009
Publications
Poll No. 67, January 2009 - Palestinian opinions after the Gaza War
Poll No. 78, Dec. 2012 - Gaza, Resistance and the UN Bid
Poll No. 65, October 2008 - Palestinians’ opinions on the 15th anniversary of the Oslo agreement
Resources
"Israel accused of 'indiscriminate' use of white phosphorus," The Independent, March 26, 2009
"Israel backs down over white phosphorus," Times, April 23, 2009
"Israel used white phosphorus in Gaza civilian areas," Amnesty International, Jan. 19, 2009

Hamas announced that the raid put the ceasefire in jeopardy, but most international attention was focused on the US elections held that same day. Rocket fire at Israeli cities by Palestinian groups in Gaza increased. Negotiations were underway through Cairo to extend the ceasefire, but later reports indicated that Israel had been planning for months to carry out a major Gaza offensive rather than renew the mutual pact.

Israel launched an aerial offensive on the Gaza Strip on Dec. 27, 2009, which was then expanded into a ground offensive. Following is a timeline of  the offensive, which ended with a unilateral troop withdrawal on Jan. 18, 2009:

News on War on Gaza
Israel kills Gazan blamed for rockets during Sharon funeralJan. 22, 2014 5:38 PM (EST+7)
Israel vows to stop using white phosphorus, with conditionsMay 13, 2013 8:29 PM (EST+7)
Gaza tunnels flooded with sewage in Egypt crackdownMarch 9, 2013 11:23 PM (EST+7)

GAZA WAR TIMELINE

WEEK 1 (Dec. 27, 2008 – Jan. 2, 2009)

Dec. 27 – More than 50 Israeli war planes fire missiles at numerous areas of the Gaza Strip. Targets include police headquarters of Hamas leadership in Gaza. Top Hamas leader Sheikh Nizar Rayyan is assassinated.

During the week, white phosphorus bombs are used by Israeli military for first time during attempts to occupy Jabbal al-Rais, east of Gaza city.

WEEK 2 (Jan. 3 – Jan. 7, 2009)

Second phase of war starts with deployment of ground forces. Israeli troops undertake intensive shelling of northern Gaza. Residential buildings come under fire. Palestinian death toll at this stage is estimated at 700, with 3,000 wounded.

Rockets attacks against Israel continue. Approximately 100 rockets are launched to target Israel during this week.

Israeli forces enter Beit Lahia, while residents evacuate. Fierce battles take place between the army and Palestinian fighters. Three Israeli soldiers are killed.

Jan. 7 – Israeli shelling of an UNRWA school sheltering civilians kills 45 Palestinians. An additional 55 injuries are reported. Meanwhile, the UN Security Council fails to adopt a ceasefire resolution.

WEEK 3 (Jan. 8 – Jan. 13, 2009)

Jan. 8 – UN Security Council adopts resolution 1,860. Meanwhile intense fighting continues between Palestinian factions and Israeli forces.

Death toll reachs 1,033 Palestinians with 4,850 wounded.Casualties includes 330 children and 80 women.

As many as 560 rockets are launched on Israel, including 90 grad missiles.

FINAL WEEK (Jan. 15 – Jan. 18, 2009)

Jan. 15 – Israeli army assassinates Hamas interior minister Said Siam, along with his brother, a commander in Izzedin Qassam brigades. Meanwhile, Egyptian mediation efforts succeed in convincing Hamas delegation to travel to Cairo.

Jan. 16 – Gaza Strip experiences the most violent shelling since start of war. Northern Beit Lahia is heavily targeted.

Jan. 17 – Israel announces unilateral ceasefire. Palestinian factions agree to ceasefire and demand Israeli forces to withdraw in a week’s time.

Jan. 18 – Israeli troops begin to withdraw. Death toll reaches 1,330.





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