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A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z   This menu features recently updated backgrounders on people, places and subjects. To view all backgrounders, click More...
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last updated Oct. 12, 2010 11:41 AM (EST+7)
Sheikh Jarrah
Read more: 
Sheikh Jarrah, evictions, forced evictions, dispossessions, settlements, settlers, demolitions, house demolitions, displacement, refugees, internally displaced, Jerusalem, East Jerusalem, Holy Basin, Shepherd Hotel, Oriental House
Sheikh Jarrah is a Palestinian residential neighborhood located to the north of the Old City in occupied East Jerusalem, and it is home to some 2,700 Palestinians.

EnlargeAn Israeli police officer pushes a demonstrator away during a protest in Sheikh Jarrah in east Jerusalem Friday, April 9, 2010. (AP Photo/Maya Hitij)
Multimedia
Rapper at Sheikh Jarrah anti-settlement demonstration
May 7, 2011 11:34 AM (EST+7)
Israeli-Palestinian demonstration in Sheikh Jarrah
Feb. 5, 2011 12:31 PM (EST+7)
BBC Panorama: A Walk in the Park Pt. 1
Jan. 23, 2010 1:42 PM (EST+7)
BBC Panorama: A Walk in the Park Pt. 3
Jan. 23, 2010 1:57 PM (EST+7)
Background
Silwan
House demolitions and forced evictions
House demolitions and forced evictions
Documents
The Sheikh Jarrah Affair - JIIS, November 2010
The Case of Sheikh Jarrah, UN OCHA, October 2010
Press Statement of US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton: Demolition of the Shepherd's Hotel
Publications
Poll No. 68, June 2009 - Palestinian opinions towards the national dialogue in Cairo between Fateh and Hamas Movements
Poll No. 36 Part I, March 2000 - On Palestinian Attitudes Towards Final Status Issues and Women and Legislation in Palestine
Poll No. 37, June 2000 - On Palestinian Attitudes Towards Final Status Negotiations and the declaration of the State
Resources
Report: Jewish Settlement in East Jerusalem – a Threat to Middle East Peace Negotiations, The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, November 2010 (doc file)
The Case of Sheikh Jarrah, UN OCHA, October 2010 (pdf file)
Yitzhak Reiter and Lior Lehrs, The Sheikh Jarrah Affair, The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, The JIIS Studies Series no. 404, November 2010 (pdf file)

The area is renowned for its many landmarks, such as the Shepherd Hotel, the Oriental House, the American Colony Hotel and the Palestinian National Theater.

The Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood was built by the UN and Jordanian government in 1956 to house Palestinian refugees from the 1948 war. After the Israeli occupation of East Jerusalem in 1967, settlers began claiming ownership of the land and houses in this neighborhood based on Ottoman-era documents, after the properties' original owners, the Sephardic Community Committee, granted settler group Nahal Shimon power to administer them.

Sheikh Jarrah is part of the so-called “Holy Basin” that encompasses places in the Old City of Jerusalem that are holy to Judaism, Christianity and Islam. This concept was introduced by Israel during the Camp David negotiations in July 2000 with the intention of establishing an international administration in the area. However, the Palestinians rejected the idea and demanded that East Jerusalem fall under Palestinian sovereignty, as part of the lands Israel occupied in 1967.

According to the UN's Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, efforts by Israeli settler groups to evict Palestinian families and communities living in Sheikh Jarrah have intensified in recent years. After forced evictions take place, the homes are subsequently occupied by Israeli settlers. To achieve this, Israeli settler groups claim property rights to Sheikh Jarrah houses. They use a complex system of legal, administrative and institutional mechanisms that usually leads to land expropriation, dispossession and displacement of the Palestinian residents of Sheikh Jarrah.

According to Hatem Abdel Qader, Sheikh Jarrah is particularly vulnerable to illegal Israeli expansion because it connects Jewish West Jerusalem, the Old City and Israeli settlements to the north and east.

In October 2010, OCHA report estimated that some 475 Palestinian residents living in the Sheikh Jarrah area were at risk of forced eviction, dispossession and displacement with implementation of Israeli plans for over 540 new settlement units.

News on Sheikh Jarrah
Israeli settlers launch enclave in East Jerusalem business centerMay 7, 2014 11:20 AM (EST+7)
UN peace envoy criticizes Israeli Easter security in JerusalemApril 20, 2014 4:36 AM (EST+7)
Abbas: We don't want to flood Israel with Palestinian refugeesFeb. 18, 2014 1:46 AM (EST+7)


Sources
Sheikh Jarrah, August 2009, OCHA oPt - United Nations, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, occupied Palestinian territory (pdf)
A Second Nakba and Forced Eviction in Al Sheikh Jarrah Neighborhood, September 15, 2009, POICA website
Jerusalem, Israeli settlement activities and related policies, 2009, PASSIA website (pdf)
Map of Sheikh Jarrah, Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem (ARIJ), 2005 (JPG picture)
2 more Palestinian families get eviction warrant in East Jerusalem, Mohammed Mari, April 7, 2010, arabnews.com
Settlers push to evict two more East Jerusalem families, Nir Hasson, April 7, 2010, Haaretz online
The Case of Sheikh Jarrah, UN OCHA, October 2010 (pdf file)



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