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A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z   This menu features recently updated backgrounders on people, places and subjects. To view all backgrounders, click More...
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last updated May 22, 2010 1:12 PM (EST+7)
Hezbollah
Read more: 
Hezbollah, Lebanon, shiite, Hassan Nasrallah
The Arabic word "Hezbollah" literally means "Party of God." Hezbollah is a Shiite Islamist political and paramilitary organization based in Lebanon. Hezbollah emerged as a response to Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982 with the financial support of Iran. It provides a majority of social services and operates schools, hospitals and agricultural services for thousands of Lebanese Shiites.

EnlargeAn Israeli policeman exams remains of a Katushya rocket fired by Hezbollah guerrillas near Kiryat Shmona in northern Israel, July 13, 2006. (AP/Oded Balilty)
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Jan. 26, 2011 6:50 PM (EST+7)
Background
Kiryat Shmona
Kiryat Shmona
Gaza disengagement
Documents
King-Crane Commission on Syria and Palestine
Sykes-Picot Agreement
Resources
Israeli tourism website on Kiryat Shmona
BBC article on rockets attacks on Kiryat Shmona, August 2006
Sabra and Shatila by Robert Fisk, Countercurrents.org
 

News on Hezbollah
Israeli military: Israel shoots down drone from LebanonApril 25, 2013 8:01 PM (EST+7)
Thousand Palestinians enter Lebanon after Damascus fightingDec. 18, 2012 5:18 PM (EST+7)
Hezbollah confirms it sent drone downed over IsraelOct. 13, 2012 4:52 PM (EST+7)

After its July 2006 war with Israel, Hezbollah declared victory despite criticism that it provoked massive destruction, and solidified its role as a political player in Lebanon. Subsequently, a wave of internal violence in May 2008 prompted Lebanese parliamentarians to compromise with the armed group and Hezbollah joined the national unity government in August 2008.

The United States classifies Hezbollah as a terrorist organization and accuses it of destabilizing the country after the withdrawal of Syrian troops from Lebanon.

The United Nations called for disarming Hezbollah militias in its Security Council resolutions 1559 from 2004 and 1701 from 2006.

Since 1992, the leader of Hezbollah and its third secretary-general has been Hassan Nasrallah.

Sources
Who are Hezbollah?, BBC News website, May 21, 2008
Hezbollah, Council on Foreign Relations, June 8, 2009
UN Security Council Resolution 1559, September 2, 2004 (pdf)
UN Security Council Resolution 1701, August 11, 2006 (pdf)
A Lebanese fragment: two days with Hizbollah, Fred Halliday, Open Democracy website, July 16, 2006



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