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last updated Feb. 20, 2009 7:28 PM (EST+7)
Labor and employment (Palestinian)
Read more: 
economics, economy, labor, employment, unemployment, Second Intifada, al-Aqsa Intifada

As of the first quarter of 2008, unemployment in the occupied Palestinian territories stands at 28.9 percent according to the relaxed definition, and 22.6 percent according to International Labor Organization standards (which excludes “discouraged workers” who have given up finding a job).


EnlargeThis table illustrates the Palestinian trade deficit and its rise and fall since 1999.
Multimedia
Gazans decry tax increases
June 20, 2010 7:30 PM (EST+7)
Background
Economy (Palestinian)
Trade (Palestinian)
Industry (Palestinian)
Documents
PCBS: 2010 Economic Forecast
December 2009 Economic Statistics from the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
Drought: The latest blow to herding livelihoods
Publications
Poll No. 61 Part I, March 2007 - A poll conducted after the formation of the national unity government
Poll No. 61 Part II, March 2007 - On Palestinians' opinion about TV channel, newspaper and radio station they trust as the most reliable source of news
Requirements for Gender Development in Palestinian Society
Resources
Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) Press Release: Economic Forecasts for 2010
Palestinian Reform and Development Plan 2008-2010
Palestinian Reform and Development Plan 2008-2010

Unemployment is highest among the young (standing at 37.3 percent for 15-19 year-olds and 36.8 percent among 20-24 year-olds) and in Gaza (29.8 percent, compared to 19 percent in the West Bank). Participation rates are low, at just over 40 percent (around 66 percent for men but only 15 percent for women).

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Egypt's closing of tunnels contributes to high Gaza unemploymentSept. 30, 2012 5:49 PM (EST+7)

IMPACT OF CONFLICT

Since the outbreak of the second Intifada, employment in Israel and the settlements has nose-dived. This was partially compensated for by a dramatic increase in public-sector employment, but it is the policy of the current government to reduce this number, and by 2008 it had cut around 30,000 government jobs. Almost two-thirds of Palestinian workers are employed in the services sector, while agriculture accounts for around 15 percent (depending on the season), industry around 13 percent and construction at nine percent.

As well as the economic devastation caused by the occupation, Palestinians have to cope with a population growth rate of 3.5 percent. With 57 percent of the population below the age of 20 in 2008, the labor market will have to absorb an extra 500,000 people in the subsequent five years.



Sources
Palestine economic policy research institute (MAS) official website
OCHA - OPT socio-economic fact sheet, April 2008
World Bank report - Disengagement, Palestinian economy and settlements - 2004



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