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last updated April 20, 2009 10:16 AM (EST+7)
Maale Adumim
Read more: 
Maale Adumim, settlements, colonies, colonization, Jerusalem, East Jerusalem, land confiscation, E-1 plan, E1 plan
An Israeli settlement located in the central occupied West Bank, Maale Adumim was founded in 1975. Started as a small community of settlers, it is now classified as a city. According to the Central Bureau of Statistics, the settlement has experienced rapid spurts of population growth estimated at 5.3 percent in 2006 alone.

EnlargeAn activist is arrested as he challenges policies that prevent Palestinians from riding Israeli buses in the West Bank." November 15, 2011 (Active Stills)
Multimedia
Settlers attack Palestinians and their property
July 16, 2011 10:36 AM (EST+7)
WATCH: Israeli settlers set cars on fire in Qusra
Oct. 31, 2010 12:00 PM (EST+7)
PM Benjamin Netanyahu in secretly-recorded video, 2001
July 19, 2010 9:54 AM (EST+7)
Green light for Jerusalem settlers
April 28, 2010 4:43 PM (EST+7)
Background
Closure
Camp David II
Ariel
Documents
The Establishment and Expansion Plans of Maale Adumim Settlement
Map of Maale Adumim and Jerusalem Settlement Expansion
Press Conference with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and US President Barack Obama - March 21, 2013
Publications
Poll No. 68, June 2009 - Palestinian opinions towards the national dialogue in Cairo between Fateh and Hamas Movements
Poll No. 36 Part I, March 2000 - On Palestinian Attitudes Towards Final Status Issues and Women and Legislation in Palestine
Poll No. 37, June 2000 - On Palestinian Attitudes Towards Final Status Negotiations and the declaration of the State
Resources
"Ariel College upgrades status," Haaretz, Aug. 2, 2007
"Israel to keep major settlement," BBC, March 14, 2006
"The Big Freeze", interview with Dov Weisglass, Oct. 8, 2004

As with other Israeli settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, the existence of this community violates international law, which prohibits an occupying power from "transferring its civilians" to territory that it occupies and territory that is disputed.

STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE

The strategic importance of this community to Israel is based on Maale Adumim’s placement between Jerusalem and the occupied West Bank and its role in bridging other Israeli settlement communities to East Jerusalem. Maale Adumim is connected to Jerusalem through a bypass road (open exclusively for Israeli drivers) that connects it to French Hill and Mt. Scopus.

GREATER JERUSALEM AND THE E-1 PLAN

The E-1 plan was originally conceived by former Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin in 1995 to create a contiguous link between the Maale Adumim settlement bloc and Israeli settlements in East Jerusalem comprising Pisgat Zeev, Pisgat Omer, Neve Yaacov, and French Hill. This makes the settlement an even larger threat to the  territory of an independent Palestinian state as the bloc would create a barrier between the West Bank and Palestinian communities in East Jerusalem.  The construction of the Wall has further aided Israeli government efforts in isolating the West Bank from East Jerusalem communities and expanding westwards into Palestinian territories beyond the Green Line inside the occupied West Bank. 

News on Maale Adumim
Israeli settlers launch enclave in East Jerusalem business centerMay 7, 2014 11:20 AM (EST+7)
UN peace envoy criticizes Israeli Easter security in JerusalemApril 20, 2014 4:36 AM (EST+7)
US court invalidates passport law on status of JerusalemJuly 24, 2013 11:51 PM (EST+7)


Sources
Electronic Intifada article on Maale Adumim
Applied Research Institute of Jerusalem report on E1 and Greater Jerusalem



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