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A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z   This menu features recently updated backgrounders on people, places and subjects. To view all backgrounders, click More...
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last updated March 2, 2011 1:30 PM (EST+7)
Beersheba
Read more: 
Beersheba, Bir Sheva, Bir Saba, Negev, archeology, British Mandate, Ottoman empire
Known as "Beer Sheva" in Hebrew, Israelis refer to this city as the capital of the Negev. A prominent Ottoman town during the 19th century, this city was then called the Arabic "Bir Saba." According to the UN Partition Plan of 1947, it was allocated to become part of a future Arab state.

EnlargeA road used often by Israeli settlers that leads to the Roman ruins of Sabastiya, a Palestinian village in Nablus. (C. Seitz)
Multimedia
Interview with Silwan organizer Jawad Siam
March 2, 2010 1:46 PM (EST+7)
Background
Bedouin
Jaffa
Nazareth
Documents
The Map of Unrecognized Arab Bedouin Villages in the Negev (2006)
Off the Map: Land and Housing Violations in Israel's Unrecognized Bedouin Villages
United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181
Publications
Jerusalem - Population and Urbanization (from 1850 - 1996)
Resources
Bedouin information, Israel Land Administration (pdf file)
The Bedouin of the Negev: a forgotten minority, Kathrin Koeller
The Bedouin, Culture in Transition

During the revolt that occurred between 1933 and 1936, Beesheba experienced tension and conflict between its Arab and Jewish inhabitants. After Israel's independence, the largest waves of Jewish migrants to this city came from neighboring Arab countries.

HISTORY

An important archeological site located close to the city suggests Beesheba's existence since the 4th century BC. It is also mentioned in the Book of Genesis. Several excavation sites attest to its ancient history. For instance an Israelite pillared building discovered in the city is believed to be typical of the Bronze era (1200-600 BC).

The city was built on the ruins of an ancient mound called Tel Sheva. Its Arabic name was Tell es-Saba under the later Islamic period.

Beersheba was ruled by the Byzantines until the Ottoman empire took over in the 16th century. However, while under Ottoman rule, it did not become a dwelling city until the 19th century. Under the British Mandate, it was an important administrative center.

News on Beersheba
Gaza militants fire long-range Grad rocket into western NegevNov. 19, 2010 8:52 AM (EST+7)
Clashes as police demolish mosque in NegevNov. 7, 2010 9:47 AM (EST+7)
Bedouin future at stake in the NegevSept. 1, 2010 10:50 AM (EST+7)


Sources
Archeological information about Bir Saba, official website
Biblical history of Beersheba/Bir Saba



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