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A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z   This menu features recently updated backgrounders on people, places and subjects. To view all backgrounders, click More...
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last updated May 20, 2009 12:27 PM (EST+7)
Jaffa
Read more: 
Jaffa, 1936 revolt, archeology, demography, Yaffa, Yafo

One of the oldest port cities in the world, Jaffa boasts a rich history as a key trading port. Its earliest mention is in 1470 BC when Pharoah Thutmose II communicated with leaders of the Canaanite city. It is also referenced in the Bible. The city was ruled by the Canaanites and Philistines, whose archeological remains exist today. The natural maritime port has been inhabited since 7500 BCE, making it one of the oldest continually-inhabited settlements in the region.

Jaffa is referred to as "Yaffa" in Arabic, and "Yafo" in Hebrew.


EnlargeA still taken from a video of police beating a Palestinian man in Jaffa on October 4, 2011.
Multimedia
Police beat Palestinian during Jaffa eviction
Oct. 8, 2011 12:10 PM (EST+7)
Interview with Silwan organizer Jawad Siam
March 2, 2010 1:46 PM (EST+7)
Background
Tel Aviv
Beersheba
Nazareth
Documents
UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination Report on Israel
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
United Nations Security Council Resolution 465
Publications
Al-Quds: Sukan wa 'Umran (min 1850 - 1996)
Jerusalem - Population and Urbanization (from 1850 - 1996)
Resources
Tel Aviv-Yafo government website
"First evidence of damage to Gaza cultural sites emerges," The Art Newspaper, Jan. 2, 2009
"Reflections on Archeology and Israeli-Settler Nationhood," by Nadia El-Haj

MODERN HISTORY

The Palestinian general strike that was part of the 1936 revolt began in Arab-dominated Jaffa. The city underwent rapidly-changing demographics as a results of waves of Jewish immigration. During the unrest, the town’s infrastructure was heavily damaged and its economy suffered.

By 1969, Jews became an overwhelming majority of the city with 90,000 residents, while Arabs were reduced to a mere 10,000.


News on Jaffa
Arab cinema comes to Jaffa and HaifaNov. 29, 2011 12:49 PM (EST+7)
Jaffa family to sue police after violent evictionOct. 8, 2011 12:11 PM (EST+7)
Jaffa sees rise in Arab-Jewish tensionFeb. 16, 2010 9:38 AM (EST+7)


According to the United Nations partition plan of 1947, Jaffa, due to its long Arab history and demographic balance, was designated to become part of a future Arab state. During the 1948 war, the mixed city experienced significant inter-communal violence, seeing as it was located so close to primarily Jewish Tel Aviv. Many Arab residents of the city fled or were ousted from their ancestral homes.


Sources
information on Jaffa - Palestine Remembered website



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