Know More About Palestine

Thursday March 25, 2010 11:38 AM (EST+7)

The Second Intifada is popularly referred to as the al-Aqsa Intifada after the Jerusalem mosque where the initial violence broke out.

The intifada or "uprising" resulted from a combination of the failure of the Oslo process in creating conditions for an independent Palestinian state, and failure of the preceding Camp David summit.

This intifada differed from the first intifada in the use of violence by both sides, with Palestinian groups deploying suicide bombers and Israel invading Palestinian towns with tanks and helicopter gunships.


  • Sept. 28, 2000
    Ariel Sharon visits al-Aqsa Mosque and Haram al-Sharif in the aftermath of collapsed talks at Camp David. Riots break out on Sept. 29 at the scene.
  • Sept. 30, 2000
    The killing of 12-year-old Mohammed al-Dura by Israeli soldiers, which became a famous image of the asymmetric conflict, is shown by French TV. Death toll at end of the first month is 16 Palestinians and 3 Israelis.
  • Oct. 12, 2000
    Two Israeli reserve soldiers are killed by a mob at the police building in Ramallah.
  • Oct. 17, 2000
    As widespread violence continues, US President Bill Clinton mediates Sharm el-Sheikh agreement as a last resort to failed talks at Camp David. It fails to materialize. Violence continues.
  • Nov. 7, 2000
    US appoint Mitchell Commission to investigate violence.
  • Nov. 9, 2000
    Fateh activist Hussein Ubayat is assassinated by an Israeli air strike in Beit Sahour.

  • Nov. 20, 2000
    Senior Fateh official Jamal Abdel-Razeq is killed by the Israeli military. 112 Palestinians and 22 Israelis killed by end of November.

  • Dec. 9, 2000
    Israeli-Palestinian clashes intensify. Israeli armyzzz*zs tanks open fire in Jenin. 15,000 Palestinians protest in the city. 50 Jewish settlers enter Hebron and occupy Palestinian home.

  • Dec 14, 2000
    Senior Hamas member Hani Abu Bakr is killed by Israeli forces in Gaza.

  • Jan. 21, 2001
    Taba talks begin. They end inconclusively a week later.

  • Feb.  2001
    Ariel Sharon becomes prime minister; abandons peace process goals.

  • Mar. 4, 2001
    Palestinian suicide bomber kills three Israelis in Netanya.

  • Mar. 18, 2001
    Palestinian fighters start firing mortars from Gaza into Israel.

  • Apr. 1, 2001
    Israeli forces enter Area A of occupied territories for the first time.

  • Apr. 14, 2001
    Israeli military undertakes incursion in Gaza.

  • May 18, 2001
    Israel starts airial bombardment of targets in Gaza. Suicide bombing claimed by Hamas kills five Israelis and injures 110.

  • May 20, 2001
    Mitchell commission recommendations are presented.

  • May 25, 2001
    Islamic Jihad and Hamas carry out suicide bombings in Israel. Fateh’s Azzam Abd al-Fatah is killed in fighting.

  • June 1, 2001
    Suicide bombing at Tel Aviv disco claims 21 lives. Islamic Jihad claims responsibility.

  • June 13, 2001
    Tenet plan is carried out. Israeli armyzzz*zs tanks withdraw from some places in the occupied territories. Jewish settlers attack and kill 2 Palestinians.

  • July 25, 2001
    Israeli military kills senior Hamas member Salah al-Din Darawaza in Nablus.

  • July 30, 2001
    Six senior Fateh armed men are killed by Israeli forces near Jenin.

  • Aug. 9, 2001
    Suicide bombing in Jerusalem takes 15 lives. Hamas claims responsibility.

  • Aug.25, 2001
    Al-Aqsa Martyr Brigades and Democratic Front for Liberation of Palestine armed activists open fire in different places killing three Jewish settlers and three Israeli soldiers.

  • Aug. 26, 2001
    Israel attacks Palestinian Authority headquarters in Gaza city.

  • Oct. 17, 2001
    The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine assassinates Israeli minister Rehavam Zeevi.

  • Dec. 2, 2001
    Suicide bombing in Haifa kills 15.

  • Mar. 8, 2002
    Bloodiest day of the second Intifada with 45 people killed, a majority of them Palestinian.

  • Mar 27, 2002
    Suicide bombing in Netanya kills 28 Israelis.

  • May 7, 2002
    Suicide bombing in Rishon Letzion kills 16 people. Hamas claims responsibility.

  • Jan. 5, 2003
    Suicide bombing in Tel Aviv kills 23 people.

  • Mar. 10, 2003
    Yasser Arafat proposes Mahmoud Abbas for prime minister. Decision is approved by the PLO.

  • June 16, 2003
    Israel starts construction of the Wall.

  • Apr. 29, 2003
    Mahmoud Abbas becomes prime minister.

  • Apr. 30, 2003
    The Quartet group launches the roadmap plan.

  • Jun. 4, 2003
    Aqaba summit takes place between prime ministers Abbas and Sharon to stop violence.

  • Jun 11, 2003
    16 people are killed in suicide attack in Jerusalem.

  • Jun. 30, 2003
    Israel agrees to withdraw forces from Bethlehem.

  • Aug 8, 2003
    Israeli forces kill four Palestinians in Askar refugee camp.

  • Aug. 19, 2003
    Suicide bombing carried out by Hamas in Jerusalem claims 21 lives.

  • Sept. 1, 2003
    Israeli forces kill Hamas militant Khader al-Husary in Gaza city.

  • Sept. 11, 2003
    Arafat is put under siege by Israel; unable to leave Ramallah. Several wanted Hamas and Islamic Jihad leaders are killed during this month.

  • Oct, 1, 2003
    Israeli assassination of Palestinian fighters belonging to Hamas and Islamic Jihad continues. Muhammad Mazin Salama and Rabah Abu Dakka of Islamic Jihad and Muhammad Bashir Aqel of Hamas are among those killed.

  • Oct 13, 2003
    The Geneva initiative is launched. It is rejected by both sides.

  • Nov. 24, 2003
    Sharon announces Gaza disengagement plan. By the end of 2003, 590 Palestinians and 201 Israelis are dead.

  • February 2, 2004
    Ariel Sharon starts plan of disengagement from Gaza.

  • Mar 22, 2004
    Hamas spiritual leader Sheikh Ahmed Yassin is assassinated by Israel.

  • May 13, 2004
    Israel’s nine-day incursion in Gaza leaves 40 Palestinians dead. Earlier, a Palestinian fighter kills 13 Israeli soldiers.

  • April 21, 2004
    Israeli forces kill nine in Beit Lahiya. Members of al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade are killed in Tulkarem, Qalqiliya and Jenin over the next days.

  • May 11, 2004
    Islamic Jihad kills six Israeli soldiers in Gaza. Israeli forces kill eight Palestinians in attempt to retrieve remains of the bodies.

  • May 13, 2004
    Israeli forces kill 16 Palestinians during clashes in Rafah.

  • May 17, 2004
    Hamas leader Abdel Aziz Rantisi is killed in a military strike.

  • Jul. 9, 2004
    The International Court of Justice rules that the Wall is illegal in accordance with international law.

  • Jul. 31, 2004
    Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade member kidnap 3 foreign church workers.

  • Aug. 31, 2004
    Suicide bombing kills 16 Israelis in a bus in Beersheba.
  • Oct. 1- 14, 2004
    Israeli forces kill several Palestinians belonging to different political factions as well as civilians and children.

  • Nov. 11, 2004
    Yasser Arafat dies in France.

  • Jan. 9, 2005
    Mahmoud Abbas is elected as head of the Palestinian Authority.

  • Jan. 10, 2005
    Ariel Sharon gets support for the Gaza disengagement plan.

  • Jan. 24, 2005
    Palestinian fighters agree to halt attacks after talks with President Abbas.

  • Feb. 3, 2005
    Israel frees 900 Palestinian prisoners as sign of truce and starts withdrawing some forces from West Bank.

  • Feb.8, 2005
    President Abbas and Prime Minister Sharon declare truce at Sharm el-Sheikh.

In the absence of a concluding event or a ceasefire agreement it is difficult to decipher the end of the second Intifada.

The death of Arafat and subsequent internal fighting between Palestinian factions shifts the focus from the Palestinian struggle against Israeli occupation to inter-Palestinian clashes. Some argue that the intifada has yet to end.







Al-Madaris St. (same building as
MBC and al-Arabiya studios)
First Floor, Al-Bireh
PO Box 4045, Ramallah
PO Box 25047, Jerusalem 97300
Phone: ++972-2-297-6555
Fax: ++972-2-297-6555
Log in to My JMCC
 or Sign Up
Forgot your password?Close
Front Page
My Comments Photo of the Day
Calendar Hot Spot(for journalists)
Audio of the Day Video of the Day
Most Popular Historical Timeline
Noticeboard Blogs
My Tags Help Desk
User Info
First Name
Last Name
My Tags 
I am a
After signing up,you will receive
an automatically
generated password in your
Recover Password
Submit Your Email
 or Sign Up