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A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z   This menu features recently updated backgrounders on people, places and subjects. To view all backgrounders, click More...
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last updated March 2, 2011 2:57 PM (EST+7)
Donor funding
Read more: 
donor funding, aid, funding, development, international aid, Gaza reconstruction, Cairo talks, donor support, donors, foreign aid, Palestinian aid

When Palestinians and Israelis signed the Oslo accords, the international community promised funding to shore up the interim agreements.


EnlargeA drawing on the wall at the exhibition "Childhood under Fire" in Tel Aviv, in memory of the Gaza war, sponsored by aid organizations. (AP/Ariel Schalit)
Multimedia
al-Jazeera Int. interviews its reporter aboard the Mavi Marmara
June 5, 2010 11:00 AM (EST+7)
Al-Jazeera Int: Israel boards aid fleet
May 31, 2010 8:52 AM (EST+7)
Background
Gaza aid convoys and flotillas
Health (Israeli)
Palestinian economic protests
Documents
Palestine: Moving Forward - Priority Interventions for 2010
Failing Gaza: No Rebuilding, No Recovery, No More Excuses
Dashed Hopes: Continuation of the Gaza Blockade, November 2010
Publications
Palestinian Employment: Challenges and Prospects
Foreign Aid and Development in Palestine - Phase III Report
Mortgaging Self-Reliance: Foreign Aid and Development in Palestine - Phase II Report
Resources
Failing Gaza report (pdf)
Gaza’s civilians ’betrayed’ by international community says NGO coalition
Dashed Hopes: Continuation of the Gaza Blockade, November 2010 (pdf file)

Donor states sought the successful implementation of an interim government plan that would lead to the creation of Palestinian state institutions. Crucial was long-term sustainable socioeconomic development of the occupied Palestinian territories. Another key goal was to sway public opinion towards the peace accords and ensure control of the interim Palestinian government over its constituencies.


News on Donor funding
Palestinian aide discounts Israeli sanctions threatNov. 12, 2012 6:40 PM (EST+7)
UNESCO chief says US funding cuts 'crippling' organizationOct. 13, 2012 4:37 PM (EST+7)
EU pledges extra 100 million Euros aid for PalestiniansSept. 15, 2012 10:53 AM (EST+7)

As the donor program progressed, criticisms over transparency and cronyism arose. Funding became tied to the character of Palestinian institutions. The European Commission is the largest donor to Palestinians, and includes in its programs the goal of "reform" of the Palestinian Authority.

Fifteen years after the signing of Oslo interim agreements intended to last five years, donor funding continues to support Palestinian institutions.

"Palestinians are the most heavily-aided nation per capita in the world, yet their suffering continues," UK Secretary of State Hilary Benn has said.

AID COORDINATION

Distribution and coordination of aid in the occupied Palestinian territories occurs through a complex hierarchical process. This system, created during the early 1990s, is headed by the Consultative Group for Palestine, an all-donor forum chaired by the World Bank.

This committee is frequently consulted by the Ad Hoc Liasion Committee, which is the principle policy coordinator at the international level. The AHLC is further divided into the Joint Liasion Committee (JLC) and the Local Aid Coordination Committee (LACC). While the first is concerned with establishing economic policy and appropriating aid, the second is a local discussion forum for prioritizing aid and development projects.

Sub-committees or working groups known as SWGs that are directly responsible for Palestinian Authority projects in coordination with the UN and World Bank report to the LACC. These working groups focus on several broad fields: namely, education, institution building, agriculture, health etc.

GAZA RECONSTRUCTION

International aid agencies have not yet begun the work of reconstructing Gaza after Israel's war there in early 2009. Most international aid agencies are unwilling to directly deal with Hamas, which controls Gaza, because of its labeling as a "terrorist organization" by some western powers. A donor meeting on March 3, 2009 promised $4.5 billion for the Gaza reconstruction effort. Reportedly, the promised funds have yet to be disbersed.

The United States and European Union prefer channeling funds through the Fateh controlled Palestinian Authority as the legitimate and recognized authority in the occupied territories. Hamas claims that the PA is attempting to divert funds allocated for Gaza reconstruction for its personal benefit.

Christian Berger, the European Commission Representative in Jerusalem stated that "the EU was waiting to see the outcome of Egyptian-brokered reconciliation talks between the Palestinian factions." This effectively means that Hamas and Fateh will have to reconcile their differences and formulate a joint plan for reconstruction in Gaza.


Sources
Who will rebuild Gaza? - BBC website
The international politics of aid by Anne Le More, Humanitarian Exchange magazine, Nov 2004
Donor coordination and organization in West Bank and Gaza - PASSIA



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