Home
  


Your Time | Jerusalem Time



 Skip Navigation Links
BACKGROUND
Fast Facts
Expert Contacts
Official Contacts
Offices & Organizations
Documents & Maps
Historical Timeline
Help Desk
IN THE NEWS
Price protests
Hamas
Conflict scenarios
Jerusalem
Home demolitions
All Backgrounders
NEWS
Latest News
Multimedia
Reuters Wire
Blogs
Corrections
Advanced Search
COMMUNITY
Notice Board
Calendar
Letters to the Editor
MY JMCC
What is this?
Join
Log In
Set as Homepage
Edit your account
PRESS SERVICES
JMCC Services
Media Directory
Hot Spot
WAYS TO GET JMCC
Dailies & SMS
E-mail Newsletter
RSS
CONTACT US
User Support
Submit a Story
Staff List
Advertise
 

Jerusalem Media & Communications Centre

Promote Your Page Too

Follow JerusalemMedia on Twitter
  News & Politics    Culture    Business & IT    Opinions  
Log in to My JMCC
Email
Password
 or Sign Up
Forgot your password?Close
 My JMCC
Front Page
My Comments Photo of the Day
Calendar Hot Spot(for journalists)
Audio of the Day Video of the Day
Most Popular Historical Timeline
Noticeboard Blogs
My Tags Help Desk
  
User Info
First Name
Last Name
Username
Email
My Tags 
I am a
After signing up,you will receive
an automatically
generated password in your
email.
Close
Recover Password
Submit Your Email
 or Sign Up
Close
    Background   Backgrounder

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z   This menu features recently updated backgrounders on people, places and subjects. To view all backgrounders, click More...
print Print
 Email
   Text
Skip Navigation Links
Share
last updated March 17, 2009 3:26 PM (EST+7)
Military (Israeli)
Read more: 
Israeli military, armed forces, security, IDF, Israeli Defense Force, military, airforce, general command, draft, Haganah, Irgun, Stern Gang, home front command, infantry, artillery, intelligence

In late May 1948, two weeks after declaring independence, the provisional government of Israel established the Israel Defense Forces or IDF. This new army comprised elements of the Jewish Brigade, which had fought under British command in World War II, and the Haganah, a Zionist paramilitary established in 1920.


EnlargeThe Israeli military released these aerial images of its bombs hitting Gaza's Zeitun neighborhood, November 15, 2012.
Multimedia
Military confronts press at Nabi Saleh demonstration
April 7, 2012 11:11 AM (EST+7)
VIDEO: French national struck with tear gas cannister in Nabi Saleh
Feb. 5, 2012 11:25 AM (EST+7)
VIDEO: Nabi Saleh demonstrator Mustafa Tamimi after his fatal injury
Dec. 10, 2011 2:19 PM (EST+7)
Nabil Saleh military raid
Aug. 2, 2011 10:41 AM (EST+7)
Background
Rocket fire
White phosphorus
Gaza disengagement
Documents
Turkel Commission Report - Report of the Public Commission To Examine the Maritime Incident of 31 May 2010
Hamoked Response to Order Regarding Prevention of Infiltration
Order 1649 - Order Regarding Security Provisions (Amendment No. 112)
Publications
Poll No. 45, May 29-June 2, 2002 - On The Palestinian Attitudes Towards The Palestinian Situation in General
The Israeli Assassination Policy in the Aqsa Intifada
Poll No. 9, September 1995 -On Attitudes Hebron residents on the settlers and on redeployment in Hebron
Resources
"Israel accused of 'indiscriminate' use of white phosphorus," The Independent, March 26, 2009
"Israel backs down over white phosphorus," Times, April 23, 2009
"Israel used white phosphorus in Gaza civilian areas," Amnesty International, Jan. 19, 2009

Initially, the Irgun and Stern Gang resisted the authority of the IDF. However, a deadly showdown over an arms ship led the IDF to disband these two right-wing militias and incorporate their members into its ranks.


News on Military (Israeli)
UN peace envoy criticizes Israeli Easter security in JerusalemApril 20, 2014 4:36 AM (EST+7)
Israeli military: Israel shoots down drone from LebanonApril 25, 2013 8:01 PM (EST+7)
Like many, US-Palestinian boy faces military trial for throwing rocksApril 12, 2013 2:46 AM (EST+7)


DIFFERENT BRANCHES

Today, the Israeli military comprises land, air and sea arms as well as the general staff (made up of six directorates). The chief of the general staff holds the rank of lieutenant general and heads the military. The land branch includes an infantry, armored, artillery, combat engineering and field intelligence corp. Units from these corps fight under three regional commands. In 1992, the IDF added a fourth, named the home front command. The military also operates a number of elite units and reconnaissance companies.

MANDATORY SERVICE

In theory, every Jewish citizen of Israel must serve in the military – men for three years and women for two. Once finished with their mandatory service, men are then liable for annual reserve duty until age 40, while those of officer rank can be called up until age 45. However, ultra-Orthodox men and women do not serve in the Israeli military. Orthodox Jewish women often perform civilian national service instead of enlisting in the army. Almost five percent of those eligible for the draft choose conscientious objection.    

Besides Jewish citizens, the military began to draft male members of the Druze religious community in 1956. At the time, the decision was met with protests. However present enlistment rates stand at 82.9 percent of eligible Druze men.  In 2001, the IDF promoted its first Druze major general, who led the home front command. Though non-Druze Arabs are not required by law to enlist in the Israeli armed forces, nearly 300 Bedouins volunteered to serve in the military in 2008 alone.

WAR CRIMES

Amnesty International has stated that the actions of the Israeli military in deliberately destroying Lebanese civilian infrastructure during the 2006 war against Hezbollah violated international law. Similarly, Human Rights Watch reprimanded the army for firing phosphorus and high-explosive artillery shells into densely populated areas during the Gaza offensive that started in December 2008 and lasted for three weeks before a ceasefire was reached.


Sources
Israeli military official website
“Percentage of Israelis in Military Drops,” AP, August 2007
Article on Druze in the military - Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, Oct 2001
Haaretz article on Arab-Israeli enrollment in the military, Oct 2008



Skip Navigation Links
About JMCC
Press Services
Dailies & SMS
Polls
Publications

0

0
 


Skip Navigation Links
Make JMCC your homepage   |  
RSS   |  
Write for us   |  
FAQ: Comments & Moderation   |  
FAQ: Population Data   |  
Contact Us   |